Philosophers Who Were Freemasons

Freemasonry is an ancient fraternal organisation that has been part of the philosophical landscape for centuries. Throughout its long history, many philosophers have also been members of this secret society. Many of these thinkers have used Masonry as a platform to discuss their ideas and theories, often in the form of allegorical stories or discussions about moral principles. In this article, we will explore some of the most famous philosophers who were Freemasons and the impact they had on Masonry’s approach to philosophical thought.

Famous philosophers who were Freemasons include Voltaire, Baron d’Holbach, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Fredrick the Great of Prussia, Christopher Wren, and Benjamin Franklin. Freemasonry is a fraternal organization that has existed for hundreds of years and was particularly popular in the 18th century amongst intellectuals and philosophical thinkers. Voltaire was a French Enlightenment writer who saw Freemasonry as an opportunity to create equality amongst men of different social classes. Baron d’Holbach was another French philosopher who believed in deism and atheism and strongly advocated for religious tolerance. Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Swiss philosopher who wrote extensively on the rights of man and believed in the importance of natural law. Fredrick the Great of Prussia was an enlightened ruler who created a society that allowed individuals freedom to practice their religion without fear of persecution or prejudice. Christopher Wren was an English architect who designed St Paul’s Cathedral in London as well as many other buildings during his lifetime. Lastly, Benjamin Franklin was an American Founding Father who wrote the Declaration of Independence and helped develop America’s first constitution. All these famous philosophers saw Freemasonry as providing an opportunity for individuals to come together despite their differences in opinion or background.

Notable Freemason Philosophers

Freemasonry is a fraternal organization that has been around since the 18th century, and it has had a large influence on philosophy and thought. Throughout its history, Freemasonry has been home to some of the most influential thinkers of all time. From philosophers to politicians, Freemasonry has had a strong presence in the world of ideas. Here are some of the most notable Freemason philosophers:

• Immanuel Kant: Immanuel Kant was one of the most influential figures in modern philosophy. He was a German philosopher who is best known for his work in epistemology and metaphysics. He was initiated into Freemasonry in 1780, and his beliefs were heavily influenced by his Masonic ideals.

• John Locke: John Locke was an English philosopher who is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of modern philosophy. He was an early champion of empiricism, which is the idea that knowledge comes from experience rather than innate ideas or revelation. Locke was a member of several Masonic lodges during his lifetime.

• Thomas Paine: Thomas Paine was an American political philosopher and Founding Father who is best known for his pamphlet “Common Sense,” which argued for American independence from Britain. Paine was initiated into Freemasonry in 1775, and many of his writings were influenced by his Masonic ideals.

• Voltaire: Voltaire was a French Enlightenment thinker who is widely regarded as one of the most important figures in modern philosophy. He wrote extensively on topics such as freedom of religion and speech, democracy, and civil rights. Voltaire became a Mason in 1778, and he was highly critical of organized religion due to its opposition to free thought and expression that he believed were fundamental tenets of Freemasonry.

• Benjamin Franklin: Benjamin Franklin was one of America’s Founding Fathers and a renowned scientist, inventor, politician, diplomat, writer, printer, publisher, postmaster general, philanthropist, entrepreneur and statesman. Franklin joined Freemasonry in 1731 and served as Grand Master for Pennsylvania from 1734-1735.

These are just a few examples of some notable Freemason philosophers throughout history who have had an immense impact on society through their writings and teachings. From Immanuel Kant to Benjamin Franklin, these thinkers have left an indelible mark on our culture that will be remembered for generations to come.

Famous Freemason Philosophers and Their Contributions

The Freemasons have long been associated with philosophy, thanks to the many famous philosophers who have been initiated into the society. These Freemason philosophers have made significant contributions to art, science and philosophy. Here are some of the most prominent Freemason philosophers and their contributions:

  • Immanuel Kant: Kant was a German philosopher who is widely regarded as one of the most influential figures in modern Western philosophy. He is best known for his works on ethics, epistemology and metaphysics. His philosophical works had a major impact on modern thought, particularly in the areas of ethics, aesthetics, logic and metaphysics.
  • John Locke: Locke was an English philosopher who is considered one of the most influential figures in Western philosophy. He is best known for his works on empiricism, political theory and natural law. Locke’s writings had a profound influence on the development of modern liberalism.
  • Thomas Paine: Paine was an English-American political philosopher whose works had a major influence on the American Revolution and the development of democratic thought in Europe. He is best known for his pamphlet Common Sense which argued for American independence from Britain.
  • Voltaire: Voltaire was a French Enlightenment thinker who wrote extensively on topics such as religion, politics and morality. His works had a major impact on shaping modern thought in Europe, particularly in regards to freedom of speech.
  • Adam Smith: Smith was a Scottish philosopher whose writings had a major impact on economic theory and were highly influential in shaping modern capitalism. He is best known for his book The Wealth of Nations which laid out his vision for an economy based on free markets.

These Freemason philosophers have left an indelible mark on modern thought and their contributions continue to shape our understanding of art, science and philosophy. Each one has left behind an impressive body of work that continues to inspire future generations.

History of Freemasonry

Freemasonry is a fraternal organization that has a rich and long history. It is believed to have originated in the Middle Ages, when it was practiced as a guild of stonemasons. During this time, members would gather in lodges to discuss their craft and learn ancient secrets of their trade. Over time, Freemasonry became more widely practiced and eventually evolved into a fraternity with its own set of symbols, rituals, and beliefs. The main purpose of Freemasonry was to create an environment for members to learn from each other and grow spiritually.

The earliest records of Freemasons date back to the 17th century in England. During this time, membership was limited to upper-class men from certain social backgrounds. As the movement spread across Europe, more people began joining the ranks of Freemasonry and its membership eventually became more open to people from different walks of life.

Freemasonry came to America with the wave of European settlers who arrived in the 18th century. In America, Masonic lodges were established in many cities throughout the colonies, with George Washington himself becoming one of the most famous members of the fraternity. During this period, Freemasonry continued to grow in popularity and eventually spread throughout North America and beyond.


Many famous philosophers throughout history have been members of Freemasonry as well. These thinkers included Enlightenment figures like Voltaire and Rousseau, as well as many American Founding Fathers like Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. These philosophers believed that Freemasonry provided them with an opportunity to exchange ideas about politics and philosophy without fear of persecution or censorship from those outside their ranks.

This exchange of ideas was beneficial for both members and nonmembers alike; it allowed philosophical thought to evolve over time as new theories were introduced by Masonic members from around the world who brought different perspectives on life into their lodges. This open exchange also contributed significantly to many important aspects of modern life such as democracy, justice systems, education systems, economic systems, art forms, science advancements and much more.

The influence that philosophers had on Freemasonry is still seen today in Masonic rituals which often feature symbols or stories inspired by these great thinkers’ works or philosophies such as liberty or equality for all mankind. Through their contributions over time, these thinkers have helped shape not only how we view Freemasonry but also how we view our world today – making them truly invaluable members within this ancient fraternity’s history!

Exploring Influential Philosophers and Their Masonic Connections

Throughout history, many of the world’s most influential philosophers have been linked to masonry, a fraternal organization that has long been shrouded in mystery. From early Greek philosophers such as Pythagoras to modern-day thinkers like Albert Einstein, masonry has had a profound influence on the development of philosophy. Here is a look at some of the most prominent philosophers and their connections to masonry:


Pythagoras was an ancient Greek philosopher who made significant contributions to mathematics and science. He was also a member of the Pythagorean Brotherhood, which historians believe was closely linked to masonry in its structure and purpose. This connection is further evidenced by the fact that many of his teachings were adopted by early Freemasons.

Niccolò Machiavelli

The political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli was born in 1469 Florence, Italy. As a young man, he became involved with the city’s powerful Masonic lodges, which had been established by Cosimo de’ Medici. While there is no evidence that Machiavelli was an official member of any lodge, his writings show clear influences from Masonic philosophies and ideals.

John Locke

The English philosopher John Locke is best known for his work on civil liberties and individual rights. He had close connections with both the Freemasons and Rosicrucians, two prominent Masonic orders during his lifetime. In fact, he even wrote a book about the Rosicrucians entitled “The True Nature of Religion According to Rosicrucianism” in 1693.

Immanuel Kant

Immanuel Kant is widely considered one of the most important figures in modern philosophy. During his lifetime (1724-1804), he developed close ties with lodges in Prussia and even wrote about Masonry in several books and essays. Kant also believed that Masonry provided an important moral foundation for society and encouraged its members to pursue truth and justice for all people regardless of their religious beliefs or social status.

Albert Einstein

The renowned physicist Albert Einstein joined a Munich-based Masonic lodge in 1905 after becoming increasingly interested in its philosophies on science and religion. He also served as President of the League for Human Rights from 1929 to 1933, which was founded by fellow Masons who sought to promote freedom from oppression throughout Europe during this period.

3rd degree masonic ritual

Masonic Influences on Famous Philosophers

Freemasonry has had a great influence on the life and works of many famous philosophers. Here are some of the ways in which Freemasonry has influenced the work of these iconic thinkers.

• René Descartes was a Mason who believed that Freemasonry could help him unlock the mysteries of philosophy and religion. He even wrote a book, The Discourse on the Method, which was based on Masonic principles.

• John Locke was another philosopher who was heavily influenced by Freemasonry. He believed that Freemasonry was an important part of his philosophical system and wrote extensively about it in his works.

• Immanuel Kant was a Mason who believed that Freemasonry could help him understand the moral laws that govern our universe. He wrote extensively about this in his work, The Critique of Pure Reason.

• Friedrich Nietzsche was also heavily influenced by Freemasonry. He believed that it could help him to understand the meaning of life and death, and wrote about this in his works such as Thus Spoke Zarathustra and Beyond Good and Evil.

• Gottfried Leibniz was another philosopher who believed in the power of Freemasonry to unlock mysteries. He wrote extensively about it in his works, such as Monadology and Theodicy.

• Arthur Schopenhauer also held Masonic beliefs and wrote extensively about them in his works, such as The World as Will and Representation and On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.

These are just some examples of how Freemasonry has influenced some of history’s most influential philosophers. It is clear that Masonry has had a profound effect on their lives and works, providing them with valuable insight into life’s mysteries which they were able to use to create their influential works.

Masonic Ideals of Philosophy and Enlightenment

Masonry is a philosophical and spiritual system that encourages its followers to live a life of enlightenment and self-improvement. It is based on the belief that through self-knowledge and understanding of one’s own potential, individuals can reach their fullest potential as members of the human race. By studying the ancient mysteries of the universe, Masons are able to gain insights into the divine, while also learning how to better serve their fellow man. The Masonic order has a long history of promoting ideals of philosophy, morality, and enlightenment.

The core beliefs of Masonry involve an understanding of God’s will for mankind. Masons believe that God created man in His image and that all humans are equal in His eyes. Furthermore, they believe that all men should strive to live in harmony with each other so as to create a unified community which is devoted to improving humanity as a whole. Masonry also promotes an open-minded approach to life, encouraging its followers to seek out knowledge and wisdom by exploring different philosophies and religions.

Masonic philosophy holds that each individual has a duty to develop his or her own talents, so as to be able to contribute positively towards society. The Freemason’s Code emphasizes the importance of ethical behavior in all aspects of life; it encourages Masons to strive for excellence in everything they do by practicing honesty, integrity, loyalty, and respect for others. Through this code, Masons are taught how best to use their skills for the benefit of humanity as well as themselves.

In addition to promoting philosophical ideals, Masonry also fosters an atmosphere in which members can come together in fellowship with one another while engaging in meaningful dialogue about life’s mysteries and challenges. Through this fellowship members can learn from each other and share experiences which can help them grow spiritually and intellectually. By engaging in meaningful conversations with fellow Masons about matters such as politics or religion, members can gain insight into different perspectives which can help them broaden their understanding.

Masonry also offers its members unique opportunities for personal growth through various activities such as meditation or yoga classes, lectures on various topics related to philosophy or spirituality, and retreats where members can discuss topics related to self-improvement or enlightenment. These activities provide an opportunity for Masons to deepen their understanding of themselves and explore their full potential as human beings.

Overall, Masonry promotes an atmosphere where individuals can come together with an open mind so they may learn from each other while developing their own philosophies on life. Through this communal atmosphere members are able to work together towards greater spiritual growth while gaining insight into what it means to be a responsible member of society who strives for personal excellence through ethical living.

The Philosophical Ideas Brought to Freemasonry by Notable Thinkers

Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation that has been around for centuries, and it is often associated with philosophical ideas. Some of the most notable thinkers in history have had their own interpretations of the principles of Freemasonry, and these interpretations have been the source of much debate.

• Plato was one of the first philosophers to consider the concept of Freemasonry. He believed that it was an organisation that allowed individuals to become more enlightened by teaching them about morality, justice and truth. He also argued that it could be used as a tool to bring about social change in society.

• Aristotle is another philosopher who has had a significant impact on Freemasonry. He argued that it was a way for individuals to learn how to live in harmony with one another by understanding each other’s beliefs and values. He also argued that it could be used as a tool for political reform and urged members to use their knowledge to promote peace and justice.

• Immanuel Kant was another influential thinker who contributed his own ideas on Freemasonry. He viewed it as an institution that promotes freedom and democracy, allowing individuals to express their opinions without fear of reprisal or retribution. He also believed that it could be used as a platform for political debate, which would ultimately lead to progress in society.

• John Locke is perhaps best known for his views on the concept of “natural rights”, which he believed were inherent in all humans regardless of their religion or social class. Locke argued that Freemasonry should be used as a tool for promoting these rights, particularly those related to freedom of speech and religion.

• Jean-Jacques Rousseau was another prominent thinker who had a major influence on Freemasonry. He argued that the organisation should be used as a platform for promoting individual liberty and freedom from oppression by those in power. Rousseau also believed that individuals should be free to pursue their own interests without interference from outside forces such as governments or religious organisations.

• Friedrich Nietzsche was another influential philosopher whose views on Freemasonry are highly revered today. He thought that its principles could be used as a means of achieving personal fulfilment, particularly through self-expression and creativity. Nietzsche also believed that membership in Masonic lodges could provide individuals with the opportunity to explore new ways of thinking about life and philosophy outside the confines of traditional institutions like religion or politics.

These are just some examples of how some notable thinkers have contributed their own interpretations and ideas on what Freemasonry is all about, but there are many more who have made significant contributions over the centuries. Ultimately, these philosophers have helped shape modern-day Masonic thought and practice by challenging us to think critically about our beliefs and values while still respecting those who may hold different beliefs than our own.

In Reflection on Philosophers Who Were Freemasons

Masonic philosophers have had a unique and lasting impact on the world. Their influence is seen in the way they sought to elevate morality and learn from each other. From their writings, we can learn how to think more critically, explore our spiritual side, and come to a better understanding of ourselves. The knowledge that they have shared has left an indelible mark not only on Freemasonry but also on society as a whole.

Their teachings are still relevant today and can provide us with practical guidance in our lives. As we reflect on the lives of these great thinkers, it is important to remember that the principles of Freemasonry remain just as valid today as they were centuries ago. It is up to us to ensure that their ideas live on in our modern age by putting them into practice.

The philosophers who were members of the fraternity have taught us many valuable lessons throughout history: that knowledge is power, that we should strive for excellence in all areas of life, and that we should use our abilities for the benefit of others. While their work may have been largely forgotten or neglected over time, their legacy will always remain with us.

At its heart, Freemasonry is about friendship and fellowship – values which are just as important today as they were hundreds of years ago when these philosophers first set pen to paper. We can continue to draw inspiration from them by applying their wisdom in our lives and striving for greatness in whatever we do. It’s clear that these great minds have left an impressive mark on both Masonic philosophy and society at large – one which will continue to shape us for centuries to come.

Esoteric Freemasons