What Are The Working Tools Of A Fellowcraft Mason

Fellowcraft Masons are members of the second degree of Freemasonry, the first being Entered Apprentice and the third being a Master Mason. As Fellowcraft Masons, they have access to special working tools that are used in their rituals and ceremonies. These tools can be divided into three groups: implements, emblems, and jewels. The implements represent various aspects of a Fellowcraft Mason’s work and his journey through the degree. The emblems are symbols that represent different meanings and lessons within Freemasonry. Therefore, the jewels are symbols of rank within a Masonic Lodge.The working tools of a Fellowcraft Mason are the Square, Level, Plumb and 24 inch Gauge. The Square is used to symbolize morality and virtue and to teach us to square our actions with all mankind. The Level teaches us to level our passions and prejudices and to regard all as equal. The Plumb is a symbol of rectitude of conduct, teaching us to walk uprightly in our several stations before God and man. The 24 inch Gauge is an instrument used by operative masons to measure their work, but symbolically it is used by speculative masons as a reminder that our time should be divided into three equal parts; the first for the service of God and a holy life; the second for our necessary worldly occupations; and the third for relaxation from labor and refreshment of spirit.


Exploring Times Square is one of the best experiences New York City has to offer. It’s a bright and bustling area full of activity, energy and some of the world’s best attractions. This article will discuss the history, highlights and things to do in Times Square so you can make the most of your trip!

History of Times Square

Times Square was originally called Longacre Square until 1904 when it was renamed after The New York Times moved their offices there. It’s located in the heart of Manhattan and is often referred to as “the crossroads of the world.” Throughout its history, it has been home to a variety of attractions including Broadway theaters, music halls, vaudeville shows and many more.


* The iconic billboards: One of the main attractions in Times Square is its massive digital billboards that light up the night sky. Many companies take advantage of this large advertising space and create stunning displays to promote their products or services.
* World-class restaurants: Dining in Times Square can be an experience in itself! There are plenty of delicious eateries to choose from ranging from classic American dishes to international cuisines.
* Shopping: Whether you’re looking for souvenirs or designer brands, Times Square has it all! From high-end stores to small boutiques, there’s something for everyone here.

Things To Do

* Take a tour: There are several companies that offer guided tours through Times Square so you can learn about its history and culture.
* Catch a show: One thing that makes Times Square special is its abundance of Broadway shows. Whether you want to see a classic musical or an off-Broadway production, there’s something for everyone here!
* Visit museums: If you’re looking for something a bit more educational, why not visit one of the many museums located in Times Square? From art galleries to science centers, there’s sure to be something that interests you.

No matter what type of experience you’re looking for in New York City, exploring Times Square is sure to be an unforgettable one! With its vibrant energy and endless attractions, it’s no wonder this area has become such a popular destination for travelers from all over the world.


Employee engagement is an important element of any organization. It helps to ensure that employees are motivated, productive, and satisfied with their job. There are many different ways to measure and improve employee engagement levels, but there is one key factor that can make a big difference: organizational culture.

What is Organizational Culture?

Organizational culture is the shared values, norms, and beliefs that guide the behavior of employees within an organization. It is often referred to as “the way we do things around here.” It is created through the behaviors and attitudes of those in leadership positions in the organization, as well as through policies and procedures that shape how employees interact with one another.

How Does Organizational Culture Affect Employee Engagement?

Organizational culture has a direct impact on employee engagement. A positive organizational culture encourages employees to be creative, take initiative, and be committed to their work. This type of environment can help foster a sense of belonging among employees and make them more likely to stay with the organization. On the other hand, a negative organizational culture can lead to disengagement among employees due to feelings of alienation or lack of recognition for their contributions.

What Can Organizations Do To Improve Employee Engagement?

Organizations can take several steps to improve employee engagement levels:
* Encourage open communication between management and staff: Having an open dialogue between management and staff can help create a sense of trust within the organization.
* Foster a sense of collaboration: Creating an environment where employees feel comfortable working together towards common goals can help foster engagement among team members.
* Provide recognition for achievements: Recognizing employees for their efforts helps them feel valued and appreciated by their peers and management.
* Empower employees with decision making authority: Giving employees some autonomy in decision making can help them feel more engaged in their work by allowing them to take ownership over projects they are working on.
* Implement flexible working arrangements: Offering flexible working arrangements such as remote work or flexible hours can help boost engagement levels by giving employees more control over how they work.

Overall, having an organizational culture that is focused on employee engagement will go a long way towards creating an environment where everyone feels valued and motivated to do their best work. By taking steps such as encouraging open communication, fostering collaboration, providing recognition for achievements, empowering employees with decision-making authority, and implementing flexible working arrangements; organizations can create an environment where everyone feels engaged in their work.

Plumb Rule

The plumb rule is a type of measuring tool which is used in various professional and commercial settings. It is used to measure the verticality of an object or surface. The plumb rule typically consists of a weight suspended from a string or thin wire and is used to measure the verticality of an object by comparing it to a true vertical plane. The string or wire should be long enough so that the weight can hang freely without touching any part of the object being measured.

The plumb rule has been used for centuries and is still widely used today, primarily in carpentry, masonry, and other trades that require precise measurements. It is also commonly found in industrial settings such as factories and warehouses where accurate measurements are critical for safety and efficiency.

The plumb rule can be used to measure angles, distances, heights, widths, depths, and other linear measurements. It can also be used to measure levels of objects such as ceilings and floors. When measuring angles with a plumb rule, it is important to make sure that the weight hangs freely and does not touch any part of the object being measured as this could lead to inaccurate readings. Additionally, when measuring distances or heights with a plumb rule it is important to make sure that the wire or string is attached securely so that it does not move during use.

The plumb rule can be very useful for many different types of projects including carpentry, masonry work, plumbing installations, electrical wiring projects, construction projects, as well as many other applications where precise measurements are required. With its simple design yet accurate readings it continues to be an invaluable tool for professionals and DIYers alike.

When using a plumb rule it’s important to make sure that all parts are secure before each use as any loose parts may cause inaccurate readings. Additionally it’s important to check that no part of the object being measured touches any part of the measurement system as this could also affect accuracy. Lastly always double-check your results when using a plumb rule as even small errors can have big consequences when precision measurements are required!

The Power of a Gavel

A gavel is an official tool used by judges, auctioneers, and other officials to signify the start and end of a meeting, or to maintain order in a courtroom. It is often thought of as a symbol of power and authority, and is usually seen as an essential part of any courtroom.

* Gavels are typically made from hardwood such as oak or walnut, although some modern versions are crafted from plastic or metal.
* The head of the gavel is typically engraved with the name of the court or organization it belongs to.
* They are usually kept on a desk during court proceedings and banged on the desk to make announcements or restore order when it is needed.

The use of gavels can be traced back to ancient times, when they were used in meetings between tribal leaders. They were also used in Ancient Greece and Rome to signify the start and end of debates. In English courts during the Middle Ages, they were known as “bidding sticks” and were used by auctioneers to signal when an item had been sold.

Today, gavels remain a powerful symbol in courtrooms around the world. Judges use them to restore order in their courts and ensure that proceedings are conducted properly. They also serve as an important reminder that justice should be served fairly and without prejudice. By banging it on their desks, judges can assert their authority over those before them and remind them that they are there for a purpose: to seek justice.

Beyond the courtroom, gavels have become popular items in many other fields as well. Auctioneers often use them during auctions while lawmakers often use them when convening legislative sessions or voting on bills. In some organizations such as Rotary Clubs or Masonic Lodges, members may even have their own personalized gavels which they use for keeping meetings orderly and efficient.

The power behind a gavel is undeniable: it represents justice being served fairly while upholding decorum in proceedings at all levels – from small clubs to large courtrooms – making it one of the most recognizable symbols of authority throughout centuries.

24-Inch Gauge

A 24-inch gauge is a type of railroad track that is used for transportation purposes in the United States. It is a standard gauge, meaning it has 4 feet 8 and 1/2 inches between the tracks, and this allows for freight cars to run smoothly over it. The 24-inch gauge was first developed in the late 1800s and has been used for passenger and freight transportation ever since. It is still commonly used today in many parts of the country, especially on smaller lines where cost-effectiveness is a priority.

The 24-inch gauge has several advantages over other types of railroad track gauges. One of these is its cost; it is much cheaper to install than other types of gauges, making it an attractive option for private companies that may not have large budgets for track construction. Additionally, the narrower gauge requires less steel to construct, which makes installation simpler and ultimately more cost-effective. Furthermore, its narrow width means that trains can pass through tighter curves than with wider gauges, allowing them to travel through more varied terrain. This makes it ideal for rural areas where land may be limited or more difficult to work with.

The 24-inch gauge also provides greater stability when compared to other gauges, as its narrower width means that there is less room for movement along the track bed as trains pass over it. This greatly reduces the chances of derailment from unstable beds that can occur with wider tracks. In addition, trains running on this type of track are less likely to experience vibrations from their motion, making them smoother and quieter rides overall.

Therefore, using a 24-inch gauge allows engineers to take advantage of certain features such as switchbacks and double crossovers which are simply not possible with larger rails. This makes train routes more efficient and easier to manage overall, allowing transportation companies to make better use of their resources while providing passengers with direct routes from point A to B.

In reflection, the 24-inch gauge has become a popular choice among railroad companies due its relative affordability, stability and efficiency when compared to wider gauges. Its narrow width also allows trains to navigate through tighter turns than other types of tracks while providing passengers with smoother rides at quieter volumes overall.

What is a Common Gavel?

A common gavel is a tool traditionally used by judges to signify the start and end of court proceedings. It is also used by chairs of meetings, such as in legislative bodies, to emphasize points made and maintain order. Commonly made from wood, the head of the gavel usually has one flat end and one rounded end. The handle is often made of a similar material.

Origin of Common Gavels

Common gavels have ancient roots, with archaeological evidence suggesting their use as early as 3000BC in Mesopotamia. They also appear in several cultures in the Middle East, Europe, and Asia. In Europe, gavels were used in courts and legislative bodies into the 1800s. In the United States, gavels first appear in court records around 1760 and were widely adopted by the early 19th century.

Uses for Common Gavels

Common gavels are used to signify the opening and closing of court proceedings or meetings that require a degree of formal decorum. Judges may also use them to emphasize rulings or make clear their disapproval during a trial or hearing. They are also sometimes employed by auctioneers to signal bids or indicate that an item has been sold.

Modern Variations on Common Gavels

Today’s common gavels often come with a decorative mallet head or handle crafted from materials like marble or brass instead of wood. Some may even be inscribed with an organization’s crest or logo, making them suitable for ceremonial functions like awards ceremonies as well as legal settings. Additionally, some modern versions are designed to be adjustable so they can be adapted for different hand sizes and levels of force required when striking the block at the base of the handle.

Types of Chisel

Chisels are tools used for carving and shaping materials such as wood, metal, stone, and plastic. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes and are made from different materials. The most common types of chisels include:

• Bevel Edge Chisel: This type of chisel has a beveled edge that is used for cutting away material along an angled edge. It is typically used for cutting grooves in wood or creating angles on metal surfaces.

• Mortise Chisel: A mortise chisel is designed to cut away material in a rectangular shape, usually in order to create a mortise joint. It has a blade that is beveled on both sides and usually comes with a handle for easy grip when in use.

• Paring Chisel: A paring chisel is designed for fine detailing work such as creating small grooves or shaping intricate designs into wood or metal surfaces. It has a thin blade and a handle for precise control when paring away material.

• Cold Chisel: A cold chisel is made from hardened steel and is used to cut through metals such as iron and steel. It has a wide blade that can easily cut through hard materials with minimal effort.

• Carving Chisel: A carving chisel is designed to shape intricate patterns into wood or stone surfaces. The blades come in different shapes depending on the desired effect, such as V-shaped or U-shaped blades. Carving chisels are typically made from high-quality steel so they can withstand the pressure needed to carve detailed patterns.

No matter what type of project you are working on, there is sure to be a type of chisel that will meet your needs. With proper care and maintenance, these tools can last for many years, making them an invaluable part of any workshop.

masonic chamber of reflection

In Reflection on What Are The Working Tools Of A Fellowcraft Mason

The working tools of a Fellowcraft Mason are symbolic of the skills and techniques necessary to build a strong moral and spiritual foundation. They serve as reminders of our obligation to use our abilities for the benefit of others. By using these tools, we can work towards improving ourselves and helping others in the process. Through their careful application, we can become better versions of ourselves and be an example to those around us.

These tools are also a reminder that our journey in life is one of learning, growing, and striving to become better people. By understanding their purpose, we can use them as a guide to support us on our path. We must remember that the journey is long and difficult but with the help of these working tools, we can face any challenge with determination and courage.

The working tools of a Fellowcraft Mason are symbols that remind us that we should always strive for excellence in whatever it is that we do. They serve as reminders that we should never give up on our goals or dreams no matter what obstacles may come our way. Ultimately, they are symbols that remind us to stay true to ourselves and to always be guided by integrity, honesty, and compassion in all aspects of life.

In reflection, being a Fellowcraft Mason means more than simply having the right tools; it is about having the right attitude and commitment towards using these tools for good. These tools serve as reminders that by continuing on our journey towards self-improvement, we can become better people who strive for excellence in all aspects of life.


Esoteric Freemasons